Predicting the Future

Wouldn’t it be cool if God gave us verifiable evidence that He has a plan? I think so. I mean, imagine if the creator of the universe was like, “hey, so uh, imma send my son down to save all ya’ll in exactly 476 years. Just sayin’.” I mean, that would be pretty awesome.

Alright, so I guess I tricked you. This actually happened… for real. God straight up told us, through prophecy in the Old Testament (Daniel 9), when Jesus was going to come. It’s not a fairy tale, I didn’t make it up, it’s real.

But, just saying it’s true doesn’t mean it is. So, I’m going to attempt to go through the prophecy in a detailed, concise way with this post.

Daniel 9: 24 (New International Version) “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the Most Holy Place.”

The verse is saying this is a prophecy to end all prophecies. All sin is going to be paid for, what the whole Old Testament has been pointing to is finally coming. What has the Old Testament been talking about, though? The coming of Christ.

Micah 5:2 tells us that Jesus was going to be born in Bethlehem, “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”

Isaiah 7:14 shows that Jesus’ mother will be a virgin, “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.”

There is prophecy written before Jesus was born that describes His life. This is pretty cool stuff. Daniel 9 wraps it all up, telling us when Jesus is coming with precision.

Let’s look back up at Daniel 9: 24. What’s the deal with the “Seventy ‘sevens’” business? Before listening to this teaching, I had no idea. But, this type of language was actually common to the people of Daniel’s time.  A “seven” means a Sabbath. In the Old Testament, a Sabbath is generally referred to in years (not weeks or days). This is shown in Leviticus 25: 4 “but during the seventh year the land shall have a Sabbath rest, a Sabbath to the Lord; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.”

The main point is that a “seven” in Daniel’s context means seven years. Daniel 9:25 gives more detail, “Know and understand this: From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.”

This verse is explaining when Jesus was to come! 7 ‘sevens’ plus 62 ‘sevens’ is 69. Each ‘seven’ is referring to sabbatical years (or seven years). So, we simply multiply 69 by 7 which leaves us with 483 years.

But, where do we start the clock? What date can we say is the first of the 483 years? There have been a few suggestions over time, but the only logical one is 444 B.C. In Daniel 9: 25, it says “the world goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem,” which means Jerusalem was in ruins and was beginning to be rebuilt. In Nehemiah 2: 5 it says, “…send me to Judah, to the city of my fathers’ tombs, that I may rebuild it,” which shows that Jerusalem was about to be rebuilt. The date of Nehemiah 2 is marked in verse 1, “And it came about in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes…” This isn’t just a made up dude, and this isn’t a made up date. Google search Artaxerxes and you’ll quickly find that his reign started in 465 B.C. So, his twentieth year would be 444 B.C.

Alright, we’re getting there. It’s really not that complicated. We already did the math from Daniel 9, which left us with 483 years. Now, we simply move the timeline starting at 444 B.C. 483 years ahead, giving us 39 A.D.

But actually, if we want a more precise date, we need to do a little bit more math. In Daniel’s time, people used the lunar calendar. Their months (and therefore, years) were based on the moon, which left them with a 360 day year. Presently we use solar years and have 365.25 days in a year. In order to be as exact as possible, let’s change our math to fit in with the 5 day difference in year measurements. Originally, we calculated 483 years. Multiply 483 years by 360 days to get 173,880 days total based on lunar years. Take those 173,880 days and divide by 365.25 days to get 476 solar years. To sum up, all we did was convert 483 lunar years to 476 solar years.

Let’s re-do the date we found, then. Starting from 444 B.C. and moving forward 476 years, we come to 32 A.D. But wait, there is still something wrong with this math. There is actually no such thing as “year zero.” Instead of going from 1 B.C. to 0 to 1 A.D., we go from 1 B.C. to 1 A.D. To fix our math, then, all we have to do is add a year, which leaves us with a final answer of 33 A.D. Woah… wait a second… didn’t something happen in 33 A.D.? Yes! 33 A.D. is the best educated-estimate of when Jesus was arrested and killed on the cross!

How about we take a step back from this? It might seem a little complicated with all the math, but it really isn’t. I just wanted to be as detailed as possible. But think about what this means! Daniel 9 LITERALLY predicts Jesus’ crucifixion to the EXACT year!

What does this mean? It means that God has communicated with us, that He has not left us out to dry, that He cares. Seriously, this is HUGE. God has spoken to us through the Bible. As a believer in Christ, this kind of revelation further cements my faith and, frankly, gets me excited. If you are not a believer, this is what God is all about. Believing in God does not mean one forfeits all the conventional styles of inquiry. There is evidence out there.

 

P.S. I’m open to any kind of conversation regarding the topic, whether you agree or disagree with my conclusion.

Shout in the Streets

Having been back home (in Columbus) for the last few weeks, I have come to realize my immense deficiency in walking with God. After my final exams, I came back home with great hope for what the coming weeks could bring. There were so many people I wanted to hang out with, show compassion towards, and finally talk to about God. At the time, the word ‘optimistic’ would not have even come close to what I was feeling. However, as time evaded me, I realized how quickly my cowardice swoops in. Instead of going out of my way to build up or encourage, I would make a joke. Rather than talking about God, I talked about sports. These things are not inherently wrong, but Jesus definitely did not call for submissiveness.

He Himself said in Matthew 5:14-16 “’You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden; nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in Heaven.’”

Here, Jesus was explaining to his Disciples that they needed to be bold in their sharing of the gospel.  This applies to us as well; there simply is not enough time to be shy. However, the fact remains that whenever I try to talk to someone about God, my inner introvert comes shining through. It does not have to be that way, though!

Paul says in Ephesians 4:21-24 “if indeed you have heard Him and have been taught in Him, just as truth is in Jesus, that, in reference to your former manner of life, you lay aside the old self, which is being corrupted in accordance with the lusts of deceit, and that you be renewed in the spirit of your mind, and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth”

Inherently, I am a pretty shy person. But in those verses it says that we are made into the “new self, which (is) in the likeness of God”! I don’t know about you, but I’m pretty sure God is not shy.  Thus, there is no need for me to be worried about what people may think. I have the all-loving creator of the universe on my side! And since I have accepted His awesome free gift of grace, there is no excuse for me not to share it with others.

Back in Matthew (7:26) Jesus says, “’Everyone who hears these words of Mine and does not act on them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand.’”

To be blunt, it is selfish, lazy, and disgraceful to not share the knowledge of God’s undying love. Since we have been given this gift free of charge, it should be easy to let others know about it.

One of my favorite verses is Proverbs 1:20, where it reads “Wisdom shouts in the street, she lifts her voice in the square”

I don’t think the verse is saying we should become street preachers; instead, it is proclaiming how readily available God’s knowledge should be. Emptiness surrounds us as we walk through the city, but God’s love (and wisdom) is there screaming that the world does not have to be this way. As followers of Christ, we absolutely need to be spreading His love to the people around us. Although we will always struggle (me, especially), God has so much love and grace just waiting to be poured out amongst the masses

A Little Late

Well, I wrote this almost a month ago. But, it’s Easter this weekend, so I figured this somewhat applies to the moment.

Ash Wednesday

So, today is Ash Wednesday. To be honest, I was actually unaware of this until my little sister texted me and asked if I was giving anything up.  I’m not. According to Catholic Online,

“Ash Wednesday marks the beginning of the Season of Lent. It is a season of penance, reflection, and fasting which prepares us for Christ’s Resurrection on Easter Sunday, through which we attain redemption.”

For Lent, many Christians give up a part of their normal life in order to reflect the sacrifice Christ made when going to the cross for the world’s sins. On Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, these people also do not eat meat.

American Catholic’s website states that

“In addition, all Catholics 14 years old and older must abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday and all the Fridays of Lent.”

The website goes on to say

“The obligation to do penance is a serious one; the obligation to observe, as a whole or ‘substantially,’ the days of penance is also serious.”

So, many Christians (or at least Catholics) are required by their faith to give up meat on certain days throughout Lent.

I was raised Catholic, and I never refrained from eating meat on any of those days throughout my childhood. Does this mean God is mad at me? Or, because of my eating habits on these “Holy” days, does God not care about me? Absolutely not! That is truly and utterly ridiculous. Ephesians 2:8, 9 reads

“For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith- and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God- not by works, so that no one can boast.”

Thus, God does not judge us based on our deeds. Instead, the only way we can come to know Him is by simply accepting His free gift of life. If you want this eternal life, all you have to do is pray for Jesus’ death on the cross to apply to you. That’s all, it’s so simple!

While Christian’s everywhere are giving up meat today, I (a vegetarian) considered eating meat. I have not eaten meat in two years, but it almost seemed right to eat meat today in order to prove a point (I decided to write this instead, though). It does not matter what we eat, it does not matter what we do, the only thing that matters is if we accept God’s free gift or not. James 2:10 says that

“For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking it all.”

We can go on trying to impress God, but like Kobe Bryant showcasing his basketball skills to a blind man, our efforts will be futile.

Now, I am not attempting to bash everyone who follows these regulations during Lent. I understand that for some, it may help their relationship with God. Romans 14:2-3 says

“One person’s faith allows them to eat anything, but another, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables. The one who eats everything must not treat with contempt the one who does not, and the one who does not eat everything must not judge the one who does, for God has accepted them.”

Still, I think the whole idea of Lent and giving up certain foods/habits reflects the Christian message negatively. Instead of focusing on these arbitrary rules, Christians should relay God’s message of love to the rest of the world. Romans 13: 10 proves that God (through his grace) simply wants us to love one another rather than focus on works (like fasting),

“Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.”